Anogenital cancers - symptoms and how to test
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is linked to anogenital malignancies, namely to the alpha genus of mucosal HPV types 16 and 1810,11. There is some evidence that beta-genus HPVs contribute to cutaneous SCC, although it is inconclusive. High-risk HPVs account for 3% of all female malignancies and 2% of all male cancers in the United States. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report that each year there are around 45,000 new instances of cancer in areas of the body where HPV is often present. HPV is predicted to cause approximately 36,000 of these (CDC). The HPV test screens for the presence of high-risk HPV strains that are associated with an increased risk of developing cervix precancers and malignancies.